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Basic Myocardial Infarction Nursing Management

 

Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it is in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired.

  • Bed rest
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Opioids: morphine
  • Monitoring: vitals and other blood works
  • Anticoagulation therapy
  • Reduce clot size

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